I just remembered the title of this book by danah boyd and co-authors. Here's some summary information. Possibly good source of data.
Social network sites, online games, video-sharing sites, and gadgets such as iPods and mobile phones are now fixtures of youth culture. They have so permeated young lives that it is hard to believe that less than a decade ago these technologies barely existed. Today’s youth may be coming of age and struggling for autonomy and identity as did their predecessors, but they are doing so amid new worlds for communication, friendship, play, and self-expression. - abstract of report
Conventional wisdom about young people's use of digital technology often equates generational identity with technology identity: today's teens seem constantly plugged in to video games, social networking sites, and text messaging. Yet there is little actual research that investigates the intricate dynamics of youths' social and recreational use of digital media. H…
I've been looking around at some of the secondary sources on Simondon. This paper, by Andrew Iliadis, seems like a reasonable short summary of things that could be relevant for our work here. The main idea is a contrast between Simondon's notion of information as that which gives rise to form -- information "as" reality in other words -- and the simplified perspective from e.g. Shannon where the problem is how to move a "message" from one point to another, leaving aside how that message will be interpreted once it arrives. Shannon said:
Frequently the messages have meaning; that is they refer to or are correlated according to some system with certain physical or conceptual entities. These semantic aspects of communication are irrelevant to the engineering problem.
In contrast to this, Simondon deals with issues of morpho-genesis. It seems to me that in this way of looking at things any fixed idea of semantics would (still) play second fiddle, since wh…
The only thing I really got done this week was a throwaway project of translating the abstracts of newest psychology articles into Estonian. I'm not exactly sure why I undertook doing it, perhaps to improve my academic Estonian, perhaps to find out what contemporary social psychology is dealing with. In any case I found one article whose example I consider worth emulating:
Carter, Dorothy R.; Leslie A. DeChurch; Michael T. Braun and Noshir S. Contractor 2015. Social Network Approaches to Leadership: An Integrative Conceptual Review. Journal of Applied Psychology 100(3): 597-622. Contemporary definitions of leadership advance a view of the phenomenon as relational, situated in specific social contexts, involving patterned emergent processes, and encompassing both formal and informal influence. Paralleling these views is a growing interest in leveraging social network approaches to study leadership. Social network approaches provide a set of theories and methods with which to articula…
Historically aesthetics has focussed on the philosophy of art, on the
nature of beauty, and on the character of the experience of both. This
tended to represent the aesthetic as somewhat rare and elevated above
ordinary experience and practice. In recent decades the subject has
broadened with attention being given to a wider diversity of art forms
including conceptual art and land art, computer art, the cinema, and
video arts. In addition there has been a growth of interest in
environmental aesthetics. A more limited development has been the
recognition of the ubiquity of the aesthetic within the fabric of
everyday life as for example in work on the aesthetics of the built
environment, of personal spaces, and on the aesthetic aspects of social
life. Papers are invited that explore either the general idea of an
aesthetics of everyday life, or particular topics within this general
area. Of particular interest are papers relating the aesthetics of
everyday life to issues i…
There is a spectrum of different ways of understanding what information
is. These range from quantitative analyses–which treat information in
terms of uninterpreted patterns of data–to qualitative analyses, which
treat information semantically, as a matter of meaningful structures.
What is the relation between these different approaches? Are there
invariants underlying the different uses of the term ‘information’ in
disciplines such as computer science, economics, genetics, neuroscience,
physics, and statistics? Is there some sort of logic, which transcends
these different uses? How, for example, are we able to transform
quantitative information deriving from meteorological sensors into the
sorts of qualitative information that is useful for human
decision-making? According to Shannon and Weaver, information refers to
the degree of uncertainty present in a message. Does a view along these
lines provide a viable starting point for a unified analysis of
information, or mu…
«After many months of an apparently futile search, I dreamt of an equilateral pyramid. After awaking, I interpreted the dream as follows: An equilateral pyramid has four basic angles. My group work is based on four elements. They are interrelated, and my hypothesis is that they should be treated equally.»
“I”: A single individual, “We”: The group, “It”: The theme or assignment the group is concerned with, and “Globe”: The environment which the gathering takes place in — both the direct surroundings, weather, timing constraints, and the whole universe.
There is a similar breakdown due to Ken Wilber who writes about "I/We/Its/It" in
Wilber, K. (1997). An integral theory of consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 4(1), 71–92.
and another related sequence "Socialization/Externalization/Combination/Internalization" due to Nonaka and Takeuchi, in
Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge-creating company: How Japanese companies create the dynamics o…
If we posit that our "phatic functions" are useful for telling stories, then it is worthwhile to note this little tidbit on greek grammar:
The aorist and the imperfect are the standard tenses for telling a story. The ordinary distinction between them is between an action considered as a single undivided event and the action as a continuous event. Thus, for example, a process as a whole can be described in the imperfect, while the individual steps in that process will be aorist. [...] The other chief narrative use of the aorist is to express events before the time of the story. -Wikipedia[Cyrus] was playing in this village... in the road with others of his age. The boys while playing chose to be their king this one.... Then he assigned some of them to the building of houses, some to be his bodyguard, one doubtless to be the King's Eye; to another he gave the right of bringing him messages;.... [Here the imperfect ἔπαιζε "was playing" is the whole process of the …
Found this four-page article from a well-known human-computer interaction conference (CHI) which is mentioned in a succinct student essay about phatic communication. It talks about the non-dichotomous relationship between strong and weak ties, among other things. It's interesting as an example of a proposed approach to studying phatics empirically.
Outcomes will be directed toward the general application of relational-cultural theory, to critique the interface design of sociable features in systems.
From googling around it seems the work is still developing. The paper is mentioned in another CHI paper (the lead author is someone I've co-authored with a while ago as part of a multi-author meta collaboration, and cited recently in writing on serendipity). The inclusion of phatics in this paper seems to be a bit of an aside, but they raise some interesting points:
We might say “Walking from airport, train is delayed, late for meeting,” but whether because of character limits…
I'm in Thessaloniki and I've taken the opportunity to query one of my
Greek colleagues about the root words of "phatic". She takes it
beyond "tell" and "show" to "light". So the phenomenon is somehow a
"coming to light."
A List of Keywords and List of Names would be two wonderful magical devices that could help us navigate into this area. (Joe)
This is a good idea. I've been considering doing something like it for my own blog for a while now because it's getting more and more difficult to navigate through all the clatter and clutter of phatic this and phatic that. My thought was to create a quasi-chronological listing of all sources that say something significant about phatics. I'm sure I'll get around to that when I've exhausted the materials I'm currently working on, but for our current paper I think a list of main terms could actually be useful.
Here's a preliminary list from the top of my head: phatic communion (Malinowski)phatic function (Jakobson)phatic communication (La Barre)phatic image (Virilio)phatic text (Schandorf)phatic negotiation (Coupland, Coupland & Robinson)phatic interpretation (Žegarac & Clark)phatic technology (Vetere et al., Wang et al.)phati…
I couldn't think of a way of inserting my own thoughts into your structure without making it too clunky. I'll present my interpretations, and then we could probably proceed with what you suggested in your draft's comments: that we break each item into a different post. OR we could make a Google Document and attempt co-writing (not just drafting, but actually writing) the paper so that each item takes one page. If we can agree on the approximate content of each point, we can probably start hammering out a single page about each. A 8-page article is already an article. But we can go through several rounds of elaboration of this structure until we have a consensus about what we want to say. So here are my thougths: Characters in a comfort zone. In academic writing it's probably not that important to introduce ourselves, but we can definitely add a footnote about how we ended up entangled in phatics. (It would have to be pretty formal and concise.) That is, we need a footno…
As to the assertion by Daniel Chandler that «The phatic function excludes as well as includes certain readers. Those who share the code are members of the same 'interpretive community'», I'm not so sure. Isn't there also a case to be made for a phatic side to activities like de-coding, de-territorializing, rationalization (and the corresponding re-coding etc.)? In short I think this is another case of a scholar seeing only one side to phatics.
This relates to the tension between "tribal" and "intellectual".
To paraphrase Eugene Holland, this would have to do with the idea that value does not inhere in objects but is subjectively bestowed. But it goes further than that.
«By locating aesthetic value solely in the *activity* of poetic appropriation and distancing himself from the objects of that appropriation, Baudelaire comes to occupy the position of what Jacques Attali calls the "designer" or "programmer," whose basic func…
For example, I think that Deleuze and Guattari's schizoanalysis is an earlier almost-correlate of our ι/ς/κ/ρ functions, but the presentation, at least on the Wikipedia page, is almost completely inscrutable.In my recent writing about serendipity, I developed another four-step process that again seems related. (See image.)
I'm not sure if we should try to deal with these issues (which I think we could do if we want to) or if we should just let them be a somewhat confusing and mucky side of the Wild Wood, and get on with other things. The bigger question here is how to "constrain" the search: what are our priorities in this phase?
ι-function, specifically related to establishing a channelSchimel: OpeningHarmon:YOU. [For now, let's start briefly with "us", our research and background, although we would probably jump in with a real protagonist later, namely, The Reader, or a stand-in for that person. Another important character to introduce here is Phatics, which will go on a journey in the paper along with the reader. We have through one path or another found out about phatics, semiotics, 20th century philosophy, and related fields. We've taken different approaches to these topics (e.g. culture studies, computer science), but they are inherently interdisciplinary areas. Our sources of Data should be revealed. According to Schimel, the data provides all of the "characters" in scientific writing. We might do something like an "A/B" story structure to deal with different journeys taken by these different characters.]The ReaderPhaticsWe/UsDataNEED. [We have (independently, …
I'm reading A Schizoanalytic Reading of Baudelaire: The Modernist as Postmodernist. It includes the following useful tidbit:
According to Jakobson, the metaphoric axis of discourse is based on the identity or
equivalence among terms as defined by the storehouse of the
language-system functioning "in absentia" (as Saussure put
it) "outside" the linear time of utterance. The metonymic
axis, by contrast, sustains the process of combining
different terms contiguously to form a chain of
signification "within" time--that is, in the duration of
utterance. The metaphoric axis is thus a function of the
language-system, and appears to exist as a given, outside of
time, in contrast to the metonymic axis which is precisely
the sequentiality of actual discourse as it is produced in
context and through time. Jakobson thus concludes that
every sign used in discourse has "two sets of